India NGO has been successful to a large extent in extending quality educational for slum children in various parts of India. In fact these organisations have been immensely successful in improving the quality of primary education. The purpose of education is to create responsible citizens and Educational NGO is working towards this mission.
In India we find several millions of children deprived of their right to education. Even though Indian government has been taking up several welfare programs and activities, they are not reaching the target group due to some selfish middlemen. India NGO has proved to be a boon in disguise in this situation. Several NGO are operating in various cities in India trying to uplift poor and downtrodden people.
Time and again it has been proved that single handily neither government nor India NGO can be successful in their tasks. Collaboration between these two can accomplish the task more easily. There are few aspects that need attention and the same are mentioned below:
Targeting slum children: India NGO need support from government in motivating slum dwelling children and provide them with quality education. This is quite a tough challenge for NGOs as most of these children go for work. So, not only children, their parents also need to be convinced to send their children to schools. Even if these children come to school, teachers in government schools should make learning easy by creating an interesting environment.
Quality education to slum children: Right to education has been included as one of the fundamental rights in Indian constitution. So every child up to the age of 13 years should attend school. In order to provide quality education to slum children, lot of changes have to be made in teaching process. Trainers for primary school teachers and teacher training institutes need to learn several new techniques from educational NGOs. In order to provide quality education to these children, teachers need to implement several new tools. This is possible only when India NGO and government work in unison.
Common vision: Government no doubt takes up several welfare programs but most of them do not succeed as they do not reach the targeted group. Due to lack of personal interest these programs get wasted. However, this is not the case with NGO. These are service oriented people and strive towards the well being of the community at large. Both government and India NGO need to work in collaboration towards achieving a common vision. NGOs are definitely competitive in shaping policies appropriate for primary education. Flexible learning tools along with innovative teaching methods should be introduced.
In order to have a competitive advantage, India NGO should constantly evaluate and redefine their welfare activities. India is a populous country and so neither the government nor NGO can bring in a huge change all by themselves. Collaboration between both these bodies would help in achieving remarkable results. India NGO because of their service motive and wide spread accessibility can cater to the needs of millions of people living in every nook and corner of the country. So lets work in unison and made India country with cent percent literacy rate.
Modern western history teacher training, education, history, theory of teaching, teacher training began in the early 18-century Germany: training seminars training of teachers became the first official training of teachers in the western history of education and training.
(History of Education 2 nd century BC, the Greek-Spartan free public education, the Athens Academy and 18 years and above, the Academy and the Lyceum; Roman private schools in tiers; China 1 BC-Examination Administrator, 1 st century Jewish Informal Worship ‘Turah general education; Islam in 9 century universities [madrasah]; Century 16 Aztec and compulsory education of adolescents, 18 century Russian National Education Polish Ministry of Education, Chez’ Teacher nations Comenius’s’ Didactica Magna “in universal education [mandatory for certified teachers tests]; later leading western history of education 17 century Scotland free education, 18 in the Norwegian compulsory literacy and New Zealand, the standard of education, 21 in Europe, the Bologna Process equalising educational qualifications.)
Teacher education and training, in teacher training colleges in French history, education and the teaching of history, Babtiste Jean De La Salle 18 th century, the Christian Brothers School, a Non-clerical male teachers of poor and middle class children. On the basis of the Greek philosophers’ philosophy of education and training, re-introduced to Islam, spirituality is not only his cause, the foundations of education. Teacher education and training have been office-Western history, education is the first secular teacher training college.
This philosophy of education changed the teaching of history related to education. He reformed education, the theory of education, training, allowed the further education and educational reform theory of learning in history education. Since the education reform in history education, educational theory of teacher education requires that teachers understand the human mind and the theory of education, knowledge, science and art, the principles and methods in teaching. This need for training for the teaching of history, technique, teaching method, the need for the theory of education in the history of Western education on the educational theories of teacher education of interested teachers.
These educational philosophy and theory of education for teacher education has become the norm in Western history, education, teacher training institutions first normal school in the history of education and teacher training.
Teacher education history of educational progress: in the history of education and the teaching of history in the education system and allow the necessary knowledge, in-service experience and certification for teachers, ongoing professional development for teachers in training. This inhomogeneous system of teacher education and training has enabled teachers and teaching in workshops for teachers to refresh and expand their knowledge in educational theory and teaching methods and exchange of ideas among teachers.
Declination of social transformation as a core function of education was presented in the report of the Indian Education Commission (1964-66), as follows:
“Implementation of the country’s aspirations to change the knowledge, skills and values of people in general. The changes in large-scale ‘is to be achieved without a violent revolution is the only tool that can be used – Education.”
Education is the power of mind, knowing it is practiced purposefully and effectively.
Education discipline the mind, sharpens the intellect and improves the spirit. It creates and polishes rough diamonds known in multidimensional kohinoor sparkling with scintillating brilliance. Her development of an integrated personality, which itself is the ultimate wisdom. Its a continuous process.
Philosopher President Dr.Radhakrishnan (1948) said: “There can not be educated people without educated women. If the general education should be limited to men or women, that opportunity should be given to women, they are certainly the most to be transferred to the next generation. ”
HIGHER EDUCATION OF WOMEN: —
Higher education is defined as education after 12 years of schooling. Higher education for women, has received an expanded role and responsibility in the world. Today, in the 21 st century, we can not afford to ignore the importance of higher education for women any longer. The reason for its necessity and urgency is that there are no biological differences in the systems of men and women. Unfortunately, this important task of higher education of women remain neglected for centuries. The demand for higher education among women is becoming increasingly important, or the 3rd world countries where colonialism left a large force, affecting the education for the masses, and for women in particular.
GOALS OF HIGHER EDUCATION FOR WOMEN: —
To provide society with competent men and women trained in agriculture, arts, medicine, science and technology and a number of other professions, which will also be cultured people in towns with a sense of social purpose.
Strive to achieve equality in social justice and reduce social and cultural differences through the spread of education.
The need to increase education for women: men and women: —
Higher education can also be seen from the perspective of the needs of their customers. The term consumer is very wide and heterogeneous. It includes young and older men and women. In theory the need for higher education for men and women are equal. But some argue that men and women differ in their social and cultural needs.
The main argument, which provides for women’s higher education is not that higher education for women is different from that of men. Our main thrust is that in higher education, women should be equal partners. Our experience shows that, so far, higher education is still limited only to men. It must now broaden their horizons and include women. Commission on Higher Education for Women, University of Madras in 1979 rightly pointed out: “for men and women, higher education is necessary for the formation of character, ability to earn, creative expression and personal development.”
KEY FACTORS AFFECTING WOMEN success / failure in completing TERTIARY EDUCATION: —
a) women are strongly motivated to succeed in the education stream.
b) the merits of the education system allows women to Excel.
c) the prejudice against women in education has been reduced. Higher education has to be equated with the bride at a dowry. ”
d) Women’s University to encourage women in higher education.
e) Women’s expectations for education based employment is high.
g) Some courses of higher education provide scholarships for women.
g) Women students were provided with accommodation in some areas.
a) Female students are experiencing difficulties in access to transport infrastructure as a whole.
b) sexual harassment, as well as the occasional student violence hinder the completion of students of higher educational institutions.
c) marriage, in many cases leads to an early lift.
d) Gender stereotyping hinders the completion of training.
e) Financial difficulties can cause a withdrawal from the education stream.
f) Part-time work to earn living hinders research.
THE IMPORTANCE of this study: —
The purpose of the Indian society was also founded in the Constitution, is to achieve a democratic, socialist and egalitarian society. In such a society, women must fulfill their role as men. Their status in the structure must be equal to men.
Generally speaking, knowledge of which imparted through the Higher Education provides the skills for its practice. Our understanding is that by acquiring the skills of women, improving their status in comparison with men, as well as the situation in the group to which they belong.
In order to understand the situation of women, and for that matter for the understanding of any social issues, need to combine at least 3, namely the prospect. from a policy perspective, in terms of statistics and in terms of culture.
The present study aimed at finding a different reason for women wishing to enter higher education.
It seeks to find reasons for entry into higher education of women in terms of men, teachers, parents and the women themselves.
This will lead to an awareness of women in different ways their undergraduate education, and thus mark the beginning of a major process of empowering women.
To learn more about the problems that hinder the achievement of higher education for women.
Make suggestions for finding a solution to these problems in a rational and free manner.
To suggest ways of improving women’s colleges, including professional courses.
To examine the scope of higher education, where women have not yet stepped up and the monopoly of men.
To suggest suitable measures to ensure that higher education for women, that is, universal free time and distance effectively.
PROMOTING HIGHER EDUCATION FOR WOMEN
In the context of social policy in education should be improved.
Family and personal consultation at the stage of secondary education can be provided.
Higher education is skill-oriented.
Innovative programs for women, can be created.
Recent decline in state support for non-traditional higher education must be reversed.
Institutions can be physically accessible ie Locate them from potential customers, improving the transportation system, etc.
Universities should be more women, it is convenient physical changes, changes in training programs for social change.
Women’s representation in the institutions of decision-making bodies, may be increased.
Equal opportunities for commissions, institutions of higher education should be established.
The number of female teachers in the co-educational institution of higher education should be increased.
Scholarships, fellowships and scholarships may be linked to the positive action program.
Women should be recruited into administrative training programs for higher education.
A great role for women’s training centers can be provided.
Universities must provide placement services.
Barriers to women’s career entry should be removed, for example, employers must be aware of the value-free, childcare centers, etc.
Sexual harassment in the educational environment must be addressed.
A large number of female secondary school graduates, as a rule, can not enter the university. To take into account that the population would be in favor of strengthening the role of professional institutions. Post secondary vocational training institutions should take steps to encourage women to training line has traditionally been considered men’s preserves.
Affirmative action quotas should be provided in order to promote women’s access to higher education, where such quotas exist, should be reviewed periodically to ensure their continuing relevance.
Where quotas to specific disadvantaged groups like the disabled, people from remote or rural areas, indigenous minorities, as a minimum proportion to be reserved for women members of these groups.
Distance education and open learning institutions and practices should be encouraged, especially in higher education to expand opportunities for women in rural and remote areas, which would take into account their needs.
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH: —
This study is limited only to women, students seeking higher education to Undergraduate in several professional and not professional colleges in the city of Chennai. The following are recommendations for further investigation.
1. A similar study could be conducted among graduate students and students of research level.
2. A similar study can be conducted throughout the State of Tamil Nadu.
3. A comparative study of factors affecting the entry of women in higher education may be between developing and developed countries.
4. A similar study may be an attempt on the various issues relating to higher education for women.
All of us are keen to give quality education to our children. However often due to lack of infrastructure it becomes a daunting task. In such a scenario hiring a home based tutor helps.
In home tuition it is possible to personalize the learning process according to the individual needs of the student. On the one hand for the weak student the tutor can devise a system so that is much more simplistic so that the student can grasp easily. And on the other hand for the more than average student tutors can help to maintain the good grades of the student. They can also provide the student with extra exercises so as to encourage their skills. Moreover, tuition timings can be set according to the family schedule so that your children do not miss on their social life.
Education has become so much competitive these days that parents must make all to efforts to find some avenue for their children to stay ahead of it. In the modern times education has become much more career oriented and thus making the work of the students much tougher. Getting good grade and have a first class overall education is of utmost importance in the job market. And of course there is the issue of working parents. With both the parents working there is little time left to spend it on guiding the children with their studies. Because of all such complications home tuition has become a safe way to help out the children.
There are many advantages of appointing a home tutor. They play a very crucial role in the overall development of the skills of the student. The most significant part about them is that they can give individual attention to the students, which you cannot even dream of in schools today. There student teacher ratio in school is enough evidence for this fact. It is not humanly possible for a school teacher to give equal attention to each and everyone of a classroom, say comprising of 60 students. However the case of home tutors is much different. In home tuition the student and tutor ratio is 1:1, 1:2 or a maximum of 1:3. The home tutors can design their own routines according to the capabilities of the students and hence make the education process more fruitful.
One of the other practical advantages of home tuition is that they can take place at home and the student does not have to waste time and fuel in traveling. Home tuition provides an ideal solution for working parents. Often there will be times when after a hard day at work it will be next to impossible to sit down with your child with his or her homework. In such situations home tutors play a very vital role. They manage the educational life of your child and if the parent does not like it they can always change the tutor for a better one. Home tutoring can be also done to cure children with autism and other learning disabilities.
As for those who want to become home tutors it is a great chance for college and high school students to earn pocket money while doing community service. There are many resources online on home tutoring so if you want more information you can always surf the internet.
K-12 education refers to the primary and secondary education that a student obtains during his schooling. K-12 education is an abbreviated term used for education from kindergarten to twelfth. The term K-12 education per se is relatively new to India and is generally more commonly used in western countries like United States of America, Canada etc and in parts of Australia. With technology transcending borders, the term K-12 education is fast gaining popularity in other parts of the world as well, with minor/ no modifications. In some countries the term has been replaced with PK-12 or P-12 that means prekindergarten to twelfth or preschool to twelfth. Whatever nomenclature any country adopts, the concept of K-12 education primarily revolves around the education imparted in the school.
K-12 education scenario in India
The constitution of India guarantees a free and compulsory education to all till the age of 14 years. Imparting quality K-12 education to the largest possible student population across the country has always been a top of mind issue for the government. A step forward in this direction has been the amendment of the Right to Education act that make this right stricter than before. Under the Right to Education act, 2009 private schools shall admit at least 25% students from poor families and no seats under this quota shall be left vacant. Through this amendment, government has attempted to ensure that the ideal of free and compulsory education is achieved in the true sense.
Online content provider for K-12 students
Students studying in schools can enrich their studies with the help of curriculum aligned videos and animations made available on he internet by a lot of websites. These videos and animations not only add the much required zing to the monotonous study regime followed by students, but also help them learn beyond what is taught in the books. These videos and animations are supported with quality study material and a variety of tests that help make learning thorough and effective.
The study material available at such websites is in easy-to -read language that makes understanding of concepts easy and quick. After going through the study material, students can also try their hands at curriculum-based interactive puzzles. These interactive puzzles not only raise the involvement of students in their learning process but also help assess their understanding of concepts in the chapter/subject. After going through the chapter, students can check their knowledge levels by practicing from chapter-wise and full-course model tests. This will help students get a clear picture of their weak and strong areas and will allow them to channelize their efforts in topics that require more attention. Once through with preparing for exams, students can also refer to end-of-chapter revision notes for those quick revision sessions before exams.
Studying in the right manner and using the correct tools to prepare for exams determines the extent to which students can achieve success during the K-12 years. It is also advisable for students to have a concrete understanding of core concepts so as to be sure of a high scoring academic ride.