Higher Education In India
Declination of social transformation as a core function of education was presented in the report of the Indian Education Commission (1964-66), as follows:
“Implementation of the country’s aspirations to change the knowledge, skills and values of people in general. The changes in large-scale ‘is to be achieved without a violent revolution is the only tool that can be used – Education.”
Education is the power of mind, knowing it is practiced purposefully and effectively.
Education discipline the mind, sharpens the intellect and improves the spirit. It creates and polishes rough diamonds known in multidimensional kohinoor sparkling with scintillating brilliance. Her development of an integrated personality, which itself is the ultimate wisdom. Its a continuous process.
Philosopher President Dr.Radhakrishnan (1948) said: “There can not be educated people without educated women. If the general education should be limited to men or women, that opportunity should be given to women, they are certainly the most to be transferred to the next generation. ”
HIGHER EDUCATION OF WOMEN: —
Higher education is defined as education after 12 years of schooling. Higher education for women, has received an expanded role and responsibility in the world. Today, in the 21 st century, we can not afford to ignore the importance of higher education for women any longer. The reason for its necessity and urgency is that there are no biological differences in the systems of men and women. Unfortunately, this important task of higher education of women remain neglected for centuries. The demand for higher education among women is becoming increasingly important, or the 3rd world countries where colonialism left a large force, affecting the education for the masses, and for women in particular.
GOALS OF HIGHER EDUCATION FOR WOMEN: —
To provide society with competent men and women trained in agriculture, arts, medicine, science and technology and a number of other professions, which will also be cultured people in towns with a sense of social purpose.
Strive to achieve equality in social justice and reduce social and cultural differences through the spread of education.
The need to increase education for women: men and women: —
Higher education can also be seen from the perspective of the needs of their customers. The term consumer is very wide and heterogeneous. It includes young and older men and women. In theory the need for higher education for men and women are equal. But some argue that men and women differ in their social and cultural needs.
The main argument, which provides for women’s higher education is not that higher education for women is different from that of men. Our main thrust is that in higher education, women should be equal partners. Our experience shows that, so far, higher education is still limited only to men. It must now broaden their horizons and include women. Commission on Higher Education for Women, University of Madras in 1979 rightly pointed out: “for men and women, higher education is necessary for the formation of character, ability to earn, creative expression and personal development.”
KEY FACTORS AFFECTING WOMEN success / failure in completing TERTIARY EDUCATION: —
a) women are strongly motivated to succeed in the education stream.
b) the merits of the education system allows women to Excel.
c) the prejudice against women in education has been reduced. Higher education has to be equated with the bride at a dowry. ”
d) Women’s University to encourage women in higher education.
e) Women’s expectations for education based employment is high.
g) Some courses of higher education provide scholarships for women.
g) Women students were provided with accommodation in some areas.
a) Female students are experiencing difficulties in access to transport infrastructure as a whole.
b) sexual harassment, as well as the occasional student violence hinder the completion of students of higher educational institutions.
c) marriage, in many cases leads to an early lift.
d) Gender stereotyping hinders the completion of training.
e) Financial difficulties can cause a withdrawal from the education stream.
f) Part-time work to earn living hinders research.
THE IMPORTANCE of this study: —
The purpose of the Indian society was also founded in the Constitution, is to achieve a democratic, socialist and egalitarian society. In such a society, women must fulfill their role as men. Their status in the structure must be equal to men.
Generally speaking, knowledge of which imparted through the Higher Education provides the skills for its practice. Our understanding is that by acquiring the skills of women, improving their status in comparison with men, as well as the situation in the group to which they belong.
In order to understand the situation of women, and for that matter for the understanding of any social issues, need to combine at least 3, namely the prospect. from a policy perspective, in terms of statistics and in terms of culture.
The present study aimed at finding a different reason for women wishing to enter higher education.
It seeks to find reasons for entry into higher education of women in terms of men, teachers, parents and the women themselves.
This will lead to an awareness of women in different ways their undergraduate education, and thus mark the beginning of a major process of empowering women.
To learn more about the problems that hinder the achievement of higher education for women.
Make suggestions for finding a solution to these problems in a rational and free manner.
To suggest ways of improving women’s colleges, including professional courses.
To examine the scope of higher education, where women have not yet stepped up and the monopoly of men.
To suggest suitable measures to ensure that higher education for women, that is, universal free time and distance effectively.
PROMOTING HIGHER EDUCATION FOR WOMEN
In the context of social policy in education should be improved.
Family and personal consultation at the stage of secondary education can be provided.
Higher education is skill-oriented.
Innovative programs for women, can be created.
Recent decline in state support for non-traditional higher education must be reversed.
Institutions can be physically accessible ie Locate them from potential customers, improving the transportation system, etc.
Universities should be more women, it is convenient physical changes, changes in training programs for social change.
Women’s representation in the institutions of decision-making bodies, may be increased.
Equal opportunities for commissions, institutions of higher education should be established.
The number of female teachers in the co-educational institution of higher education should be increased.
Scholarships, fellowships and scholarships may be linked to the positive action program.
Women should be recruited into administrative training programs for higher education.
A great role for women’s training centers can be provided.
Universities must provide placement services.
Barriers to women’s career entry should be removed, for example, employers must be aware of the value-free, childcare centers, etc.
Sexual harassment in the educational environment must be addressed.
A large number of female secondary school graduates, as a rule, can not enter the university. To take into account that the population would be in favor of strengthening the role of professional institutions. Post secondary vocational training institutions should take steps to encourage women to training line has traditionally been considered men’s preserves.
Affirmative action quotas should be provided in order to promote women’s access to higher education, where such quotas exist, should be reviewed periodically to ensure their continuing relevance.
Where quotas to specific disadvantaged groups like the disabled, people from remote or rural areas, indigenous minorities, as a minimum proportion to be reserved for women members of these groups.
Distance education and open learning institutions and practices should be encouraged, especially in higher education to expand opportunities for women in rural and remote areas, which would take into account their needs.
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH: —
This study is limited only to women, students seeking higher education to Undergraduate in several professional and not professional colleges in the city of Chennai. The following are recommendations for further investigation.
1. A similar study could be conducted among graduate students and students of research level.
2. A similar study can be conducted throughout the State of Tamil Nadu.
3. A comparative study of factors affecting the entry of women in higher education may be between developing and developed countries.
4. A similar study may be an attempt on the various issues relating to higher education for women.