K-12 education refers to the primary and secondary education that a student obtains during his schooling. K-12 education is an abbreviated term used for education from kindergarten to twelfth. The term K-12 education per se is relatively new to India and is generally more commonly used in western countries like United States of America, Canada etc and in parts of Australia. With technology transcending borders, the term K-12 education is fast gaining popularity in other parts of the world as well, with minor/ no modifications. In some countries the term has been replaced with PK-12 or P-12 that means prekindergarten to twelfth or preschool to twelfth. Whatever nomenclature any country adopts, the concept of K-12 education primarily revolves around the education imparted in the school.
K-12 education scenario in India
The constitution of India guarantees a free and compulsory education to all till the age of 14 years. Imparting quality K-12 education to the largest possible student population across the country has always been a top of mind issue for the government. A step forward in this direction has been the amendment of the Right to Education act that make this right stricter than before. Under the Right to Education act, 2009 private schools shall admit at least 25% students from poor families and no seats under this quota shall be left vacant. Through this amendment, government has attempted to ensure that the ideal of free and compulsory education is achieved in the true sense.
Online content provider for K-12 students
Students studying in schools can enrich their studies with the help of curriculum aligned videos and animations made available on he internet by a lot of websites. These videos and animations not only add the much required zing to the monotonous study regime followed by students, but also help them learn beyond what is taught in the books. These videos and animations are supported with quality study material and a variety of tests that help make learning thorough and effective.
The study material available at such websites is in easy-to -read language that makes understanding of concepts easy and quick. After going through the study material, students can also try their hands at curriculum-based interactive puzzles. These interactive puzzles not only raise the involvement of students in their learning process but also help assess their understanding of concepts in the chapter/subject. After going through the chapter, students can check their knowledge levels by practicing from chapter-wise and full-course model tests. This will help students get a clear picture of their weak and strong areas and will allow them to channelize their efforts in topics that require more attention. Once through with preparing for exams, students can also refer to end-of-chapter revision notes for those quick revision sessions before exams.
Studying in the right manner and using the correct tools to prepare for exams determines the extent to which students can achieve success during the K-12 years. It is also advisable for students to have a concrete understanding of core concepts so as to be sure of a high scoring academic ride.
Learning disabilities were not part of the everyday educational lexicon in the 1970s. Today, the topic is a commonly-used term in the academic world. Research shows that one-tenth of kids in the United States are diagnosed with a learning disability. Recognizing these issues, Congress passed a series of laws over the past thirty years providing federal funds under infant, preschool and school-aged programs. The most recent legislation provided for special programs benefiting disabled children and a re-scoping of goals regarding special education for cerebral palsy patients.
Unfortunately, educational institutions associate cerebral palsy with learning disabilities, when in fact some students with cerebral palsy are not learning disabled. Based on the initial treatment and recovery from the initial injury, a child may have a learning disability so mild as to not greatly impede their learning, while others may be more unfortunately impaired. Many must accept a lifetime of severe challenges, leading to special education services and guidence during their schooling.
Some children require help in one area, while some will need assistance in all areas. A variety of factors affect a child’s learning ability. Vision problems, balance and coordination, speech problems and delayed language skills can all impede a child’s learning progress. Children with learning disabilities may require a variety of prompts and assistance in completing an academic task. Parents need to make their child’s educational assistance team aware of their child’s learning abilities and strengths as well as challenges.
Professional assessment of children impacted by cerebral birth trauma is crucial to determining the correct learning strategies. Early educational assessments measure strengths and weaknesses and discover possible disabilities and issues.
US regulations outline the and process used in the calculating services. U.S. Department of Education creates annual special education scorecards showing ratings for each State Performance Plan. This approach identifies factors in the planning of special education services to children with learning disabilities. Many factors influence the determination process. This process is known as Special Learning Disabilities (SLD) Determination. Schools and educators use these guidelines to determine determine a child’s eligibility for special education services. Depending on the state or city you live in, you could find yourself battling with the school district to get the special education assistance your child has a legal right to. Locating local and state resources can be challenging; which is why the Cerebral Palsy Family Network created up-to-date state-by-state Survival Guides for parents.
Before selecting a school for your child, you need to know if he or she qualifies for special education assistance. The school may assume one of a number of plans. Some children with cerebral palsy with learning disabilities may be able to attend a mainstream school, possibly with an aide assigned or adaptive equipment and services as part of their academic program. Others may require enrollment in a special school that provides an array of services such as physical, speech, and language skills training administered by teachers and therapists with advanced training in individualized education. In the case of profound learning disabilities, the focus may be on on mobility, life skills and self care.
A recent survey conducted by Join Together a program of the Boston University School of Public Health shows that few teachers believe that alcohol and other drug prevention programs work. Only 2 percent of more than 3,700 respondents felt that their school-based prevention program is effective. The report says that teachers are skeptical of the prevention programs they deliver. It goes on to say that teachers cite the need more relevant study materials, more time to do prevention, more support, and more training.
Although more training and enhanced study materials would certainly do no harm, how does this change the current destructive belief permeating our schools and our culture that drug prevention doesnt work? It is not a matter of more time, more study materials, or more training, but a need for a fundamental change in how we define prevention, set prevention goals, and understand how children adopt and reinforce healthy and unhealthy behaviors.
For three decades the United States has been waging an expensive and ineffective drug war a war more political than practical. In 1993 the federal government spent $1.7 billion on the drug war and in 1999 17.9 billion. The most ubiquitous of drug education programs DARE (Drug Awareness Resistance Education) which was started in Los Angeles in 1983 is plagued by research showing its lack of effectiveness. DARE currently costs taxpayers between 1 and 1.3 billion dollars a year. In addition, the DARE programs premise that early drug education inoculates kids from future drug use in high school is both nave and lacking a fundamental understanding of child development. In the most recent survey of adolescent drug trends conducted by Monitoring the Future, 48% of 12th graders had a drink within the last thirty days and by the time a student graduates from high school nearly half have tried an illicit drug – most likely marijuana. While recent trends in drinking and drug use show decreases in most categories, underage drinking and most notably marijuana use remain a regular experience of teenage life. What have we gotten for our money? And how does the current drug education approach reflect the reality that most teenagers face every weekend?
Teenage drug use is normalized in our culture. By the time most teens reach high school, they accept alcohol and some drug use by their peers as a common social activity. The popular notion that drinkers and drug users are outcasts and deviants conveniently ignores the reality that many teens drink including student leadership, athletes, active and involved good students. Scare tactics and exaggerated drug effects only work when your audience does not have access to other information. This generation of students has more access to information than any other generation in time. This will most likely be the case for subsequent generations. Manipulation, coercion, and exaggerated claims are not tolerated by students.
Prevention programs need to support and validate those students who choose to delay their drinking and abstain from other drugs. Programs need to help students effectively communicate concerns to friends who may be experiencing problems with their drinking and drug use and to connect those friends to helping resources in the community. Finally, prevention programs need to offer suggestions to students to minimize the risks associated with drinking and drug use such as frequency and quantity of use. Promoting risk reduction strategies no more condones drinking than the suggestion of wearing a seat belt condones speeding.
We are in a crisis right now. It is not a drug crisis, but a crisis of belief and faith. We are loosing faith in the idea that we can be effective. We are giving in to the fear that any deviation from the path of abstinence-based zero tolerance education is an endorsement of drinking. The results of giving in to fear are the growing popularity of random drug testing programs, locker searches and drug sniffing dogs. We dont need to catch more kids, but to connect with more kids. We dont need to make an example of a student, but be examples for students of healthy living and compassionate care.
These days, who’s got time to sit in a classroom? Between working hard all day, or night, and other responsibilities, finding the extra time to attend a traditional campus to further education is a dream that may never come true. Because of the Internet however, online learning is becoming the wave of the future, and the future is catching up when it comes to education.
More and more schools and universities around the country and the world are offering online learning courses to students and adults who have long ago put their educational needs on hold. For many, attending a school campus for classroom instruction is just not feasible, or possible. Now, a farmer from China or a home business owner in Oregon or anywhere else in the world can log on and study to their heart’s content on the Internet, thanks to the growth of online coursework offerings available today. While some distance learning courses may be simple and consist of one subject, others offer complete course loads for certificates to degree programs. More people today than ever before are earning Master’s degrees online, which is convenient for busy work schedules and obligations. Whether you want to take a course in home business management, computers, or medical terminology as a course unit or as part of a larger program, there is an online school out there that will cater to your goals and desires.
When searching for any distance-learning course however, the first thing to do is to make sure that a national recognized accreditation board properly accredits the school you’re looking at. Online schools are held to the same standards of quality and course requirements as traditional colleges and universities, so don’t worry that your certificate or degree from an online school won’t hold water. Did you know that more nurses are able to advance their careers and education through online universities and programs that specialize in medicine? The same is true for those seeking careers in education or other medical careers, and we’re not just talking dental assistants.
Distance learning has become the preferred method of attending school for millions of students around the United States as well as the world. As long as enrollment requirements are met and coursework grades can be transferred, students can also attend foreign universities and distance learning programs that they wouldn’t otherwise be able to take advantage of, thanks to the World Wide Web. With a computer or a laptop, men and women are now able to access the degree program they’ve always dreamed of, and the best part of all is that they can do so when it’s convenient for them and not the other way around.
There’s no longer any reason not to pursue the degree that you’ve always desired. Student financing and payment methods are available to online students as well as those who attend university programs. If in doubt, call the online school that you’re interested in and ask them about student financing, loans and payment methods they offer. Remember, a college education will earn higher wages, bigger promotions and open doors that have otherwise stayed closed for years. Taking distance-learning programs can change all that.
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